All the information about Cigarette beetles you need.
WHAT DO CIGARETTE BEETLES LOOK LIKE
Adult cigarette beetles, Lasioderma serricorne (Coleoptera: Anobiidae), are quite small, measuring about 1/8 of an inch and are reddish brown. They have a rounded, oval shape and the head is often concealed by a plate covering the first region of the thorax, called the prothorax, when the beetle is viewed from above. The wings are covered with fine hairs. When disturbed, they often pull in their legs, tuck their head, and lay motionless. They prefer to reside in dark or dimly lit cracks, nooks, and crevices but become active and fly readily in bright, open areas probably in an attempt to find refuge. They are most active at dusk and will continue activity through the night. Adults do not feed but will drink liquids.
Cigarette beetles look almost identical to drugstore beetles but can be distinguished by two easily identifiable characters: the antennae of the cigarette beetle are serrated (like a series of teeth on a saw). It gets its species name, “serricorne,” from this feature. Serricorne is latin for “serrated antennae.” Alternately, the antennae of the drugstore beetle ends in a 3-segmented club, with the last 3 segments larger and almost swollen like. The other difference is that drugstore beetle elytra (hard wing coverings that make up the beetle’s “shell”) have rows of pits giving them a striated (lined) appearance while those of the cigarette beetle are smooth with fine hairs.
How Did I get cigarette beetles
In addition to the dubious honor of being the most damaging pest of stored tobacco, the cigarette beetle is a major pest of many stored food products including flours, dry mixes, dried fruits such as dates and raisins, cereals, cocoa, coffee beans, herbs, spices, nuts, rice, dry dog food and other products kept in kitchen cabinets, pantries, hurricane food supply storage containers, and other areas in homes and businesses. Non-food products that it infests include dried plants and herbarium specimens, dried floral arrangements, potpourri, decorative grapevine wreaths, prescription drugs and pills, medicinal herbs, pinned insects, furniture stuffing, papier-mâché, and bookbinding paste. Cigarette beetles harbor symbiotic yeasts that produce B vitamins. The yeasts are deposited on the eggs as they are laid and are consumed by the larvae during egg hatch. These yeasts enable the cigarette beetle to feed and survive on many foods and other items of poor nutritional quality. If you have any of those things in your home or business, then you could be attracting cigarette beetles.
What Problems Do cigarette beetles Cause
Larval feeding causes direct damage to foodstuffs and non-food items. They are considered primary stored product pests as they burrow into the product being infested and feed internally until they come out as adults to reproduce. The products are contaminated by the presence of beetles, larvae, pupae, cocoons, frass (fecal material), and insect parts (dead insects). Beetles can chew directly through cardboard boxes, containers, and packaging to get to the products inside, causing significant damage. Cocoons are often attached to a solid substrate and in severe infestations form large clusters. Larvae will sometimes bore their way through cardboard boxes and other packaging in search of a place to pupate.
HOW do i get rid of cigarette beetles
The cigarette beetle is a frequent pest in flour mills, bakeries, pet food factories, breakfast cereal manufacturing centers, snack food plants, chocolate factories, confectionaries, wholesale distribution centers, and sometimes in retail stores like grocery markets. Integrated pest management (IPM) programs are often implemented to control infestations at processing, distribution, and storage facilities. These programs can include pheromone monitoring and treatments. But only fumigation can take care of a severe infestation immediately. So, if you need to get your product free of an infestation right away for an order, fumigation is your tool!